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If you are in Dallas and an Emergency occurs, please contact:

For After Hours Emergency Care
 972-552-2424
Emergency Animal Clinic
12101 Greenville Ave.


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PROBLEMS, CAUSES & ACTIONS

As with all first aid, common sense is a big factor in treating the problem correctly. After any emergency procedure always consult or visit your regular veterinarian.

Cuts
Clean then cover with a bandage.

Ear Splits
Use baking soda or a styptic pencil to stop the bleeding.  Super-glue will hold the ear together temporarily.

Eye Injuries
It's best to remove any foreign object from the eye then wash with water.  Keep the dog in a dark area if possible.  Do NOT let him paw at his eye.  If he will not leave the eye alone, hobble his front legs by taping them together, leaving a space between the legs.

Foreign Bodies (sticks, etc.)
Remove the foreign body then stop the bleeding.  If pressure doesn't work use a clothespin or clamp.  The first 5-6 hours after treatment will determine how well the wound will heal.

Fractures
If the break is in the lower leg or hip, immobilize the dog.  For long bones, splint that area.  In the case of a back upper leg (femur) break, you can tape the whole leg to the dog's body.  If the bone is exposed, clean the wound, flush it with water, splint if possible, then spray with an antibiotic ointment (NuSkin spray or Zeste Health Aloe Gel).  If the foot swells up this means the bandage is too tight.  Cut the bandage off and begin again.  See a veterinarian immediately.

Heat Stroke of Heat Stress
Heat stress is the beginning of heat stroke.  Signs of this are a dry mouth and skin that is cool to the touch.  The dog's temperature can reach 105+.  Wet the dog down any way you can - pour water over the body, ice down the head and chest, or pour alcohol on him.  Once his temperature has begun to drop, stop cooling or you'll over cool him.  Caution - some dogs get vicious when in heat stroke, you may need to muzzle him.
Insect Bites and Bee Stings
Give 1-2 mg. Benadryl per pound of dog (example, 50lbs dog = 100 mg. Benadryl).

Seizures
(caused by low blood sugar)
Feed him sugar from Soft Moist food (Gainesburgers) or honey then let him rest.  Do NOT use candies with chocolate in them.  Chocolate is toxic to dogs!

Shock
Symptoms: staring eyes.
Keep the dog quiet and contained.  Give fluids if possible.  Your vet will probably administer steroids.

Snake Bites
It's possible to get an anti-venom shot from your vet before a bite even happens.  This anti-venom is expensive but worth it if your dog is bitten.  If you have a shot, inject it ASAP.  Otherwise try to stop the venom from spreading by restricting the dog's movement.  "X" cut the wound, flush with lots of water and pack with ice to help slow the poison’s spread.  Do NOT use alcohol or antihistamines - this will make things worse.  Watch for bacterial infections afterwards.  A venomous snakebite will have two puncture holes and the surrounding area will get sore and tender.  A non-venomous snakebite will usually be "U" shaped and will infect very quickly.

Sprains & Strains
Keep the dog off that leg!  In the first 24 hours alternate ice for 10 minutes then remove.  After the first day you may apply heat.  The leg should be fine in a week or so.

Thorns
Remove with tweezers.  If the thorn won't pull out easily, apply vinegar.  Vinegar will help loosen the thorn.

Ticks
Careful… Do NOT use your hands!  Remove with tweezers after spraying with tick spray.  Beware of Lyme disease if your dog gets into very many ticks.

Think before you act!  Always Use Your Head!